Basic Facts

Official NameIslamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the NationQuaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
National PoetAllama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
Head of the StateMr. Asif Ali Zardari
Head of GovernmentMr. Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif
Total 803, 940 Sq. km.
Punjab 205,344   Sq. km.
Sindh 140,914    Sq. km.
Khyber Pakhtonnkhwa 101,741   Sq. km.
Balochistan 347,190 Sq. km.
Islamabad (Capital) 906 Sq. km.
Population241,499,431 ( 2023)
Administrative SetupPakistan is divided into four provinces viz., Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Balochistan. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas.
Religion97% Muslims, (77 % Sunni, 20% Shi’a) Christian, Hindu 3%
CurrencyPak. Rupee.
ImportsIndustrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore,  petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.
ExportsCotton, textile goods, rice, leather items  carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit
LanguagesUrdu (National)   and English (Official)
Literacy rate53%
GovernmentParliamentary form
ParliamentParliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).    The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 100 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.   The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).

Pakistan National Flag

Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan’s profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious minorities.

National Anthem

Approved in August, 1954 Verses Composed by: Abssul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri   Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla Duration: 80 seconds
State Emblem

The State Emblem consists of:

  1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam
  2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops
  3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
  4. 4. Scroll contains Quaid’s motto: Unity Faith, Discipline

Pakistan’s Official Map

Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)

National Flower


National Tree

Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
National AnimalMarkhor.

National Bird

Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
FloraPine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
FaunaThe Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls

Popular Games

Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash, Boxing, Athletics, Swimming, Shooting, Golf

Tourist’s Resorts

Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral, Gilgit, Malam Jabba
Archaeological SitesMoenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai, Juniper Shaft Cave, the Murghagull Gharra cave, Mughall saa cave
Major CitiesIslamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot

Major Crops

Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane

Total cropped area

22.94 million hectares


Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding


Major sourcesElectricity ( Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal,  and Liquid Petroleum Gas
Power Generating Capacity 19,389 MW


Hospitals 916
Dispensaries 4,600
Basic Health Units (BHUs) 5,301
Maternity & Child Health Centres 906
Rural Health Centres (RHCs) 552
Tuberculosis (TB) Centres 289
Hospital Beds 99,908
Doctors (registered) 113,206
Dentists (registered) 6,127
Nurses (registered 48,446
Paramedics 23,559
Lady Health Workers 6,741


Primary Schools155,000
Middle Schools28,728
High Schools16,100
Secondary Vocational Institutions636
Arts & Science Colleges1,066
Professional Colleges382

Transport & Communication

Total length of roads 259, 758 km
Pakistan Railway network 7,791 km
Railway stations 781
Pakistan International AirlinesCovers 38 international and 24 domestic stations with a fleet of 49 planes.
Major Airports 8 (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad and Gwadar)


International 2 (Karachi and Bin Qasim) Gwadar deep sear port is under construction
Fish Harbors -Cum-Mini Ports 3 (Minora, Gawadar, and Keti Bandar)


Post Offices 12,170
Telephone connections 5,052,000
Public Call Offices 217,597
Telegraph offices 299
Internet Connections2 million
Mobile Phones10,542,641


Total Labour force 46.84 million
Employed Labour Force 43.22 million
Agriculture Sector 18.60 million
Manufacturing & Mining sector 5.96 million
Construction 2.52 million
Trade 6.39 million
Transport 2.48 million
Others 6.98 million


Print Media (In accordance with Central Media List)
News Agencies
Official APP
PrivatePPI, NNI, On Line and Sana.

TV Channels State Owned Pakistan Television Network (PTV) is a state owned television station which operates on both terrestrial & satellite. PTV offers six channels:

  • PTV
  • PTV World
  • PTV National – Regional Languages Channel
  • PTV Bolan – Baluchi Language Channel
  • AJK TV – Azad & Jammu Kashmir TV


  • Virtual University is also state owned and operate two channels.
    • Virtual Television 1 (VTV 1)
    • Virtual Television 2 (VTV 2)


  • Aaj TV
  • ARY Digital
  • ARY One World
  • ATV
  • Business Plus
  • Channel G – Music Channel
  • Dhoom TV
  • Filmazia – Pakistani Movies Channel
  • Fortune TV
  • Geo TV
  • Hum TV
  • Indus Music
  • Indus Plus/Indus News
  • Indus Vision
  • Labbaik TV
  • Mashriq TV
  • nVibe
  • TV One
  • QTV
  • Roshni TV
  • Rung TV
  • Sun Biz – Business Channel
  • TV 2 Day
  • The City Channel
  • The Musik
  • Uni Plus
  • Dawn TV
  • Dhoom TV
  • APNA
  • Vection TV
  • Busines Plus
  • Asian TV
  • Khyber TV
  • KTN
  • Sindh TV
  • CNBC
  • Royal
  • Vibe TV


  • KTN – Sindhi Language Channel
  • Sindh TV – Sindhi Language Channel
  • Kashish TV – Sindhi Language Channel
  • Apna Channel – Punjabi Language Channel
  • Ravi TV – Punjabi Language Channel
  • Punjab TV – Punjabi Language Channel
  • AVT Khyber – Pushto Language Channel


  • HBO – Part of ARY Digital Network
  • Fashion TV Pakistan
  • Al-Jazeera Urdu
  • CNBC Pakistan
  • Cartoon Network
  • STAR Plus
  • Ten Sports
  • B4U
  • B4U Movies
  • STAR Movies

Pakistani radio channels Following are radio channels in Pakistan . Sindh

  • Radio Pakistan AM820 Karachi
  • Radio Pakistan AM1000 Hyderabad
  • Radio Pakistan AM1000 Larkana
  • Radio Pakistan AM920 Khairpur
  • City FM89 Karachi
  • RadioActive FM96 Karachi
  • FM100 Karachi
  • FM101 Karachi
  • FM101 Hyderabad
  • APNA Radio FM107 Karachi
  • HUM FM106 Karachi
  • HUM FM106 Sukkar
  • FM106.2
  • FM89


  • Radio Pakistan AM630 Lahore
  • Radio Pakistan AM1080 Lahore
  • Radio Pakistan AM1260 Rawalpindi
  • Radio Pakistan AM792 Rawalpindi
  • Radio Pakistan FM92 Rawalpindi
  • Radio Pakistan AM1030 Multan
  • Radio Pakistan AM1320 Bahawalpur
  • Radio Pakistan AM1476 Faisalabad ( Lyallpur )
  • City FM89 Lahore
  • City FM89 Rawalpindi
  • City FM89 Faisalabad ( Lyallpur )
  • FM100 Lahore
  • FM101 Lahore
  • FM101 Faisalabad ( Lyallpur )
  • FM101 Sialkot
  • FM101 Sargodha
  • FM95 Mianwali
  • MAST FM103 Lahore
  • Radio Buraq FM104 Sialkot
  • AWAZ Radio FM105 Gujrat
  • AWAZ Radio FM106 Gujranwala
  • HUM FM106.2 Lahore

Islamabad Capital Territory

  • Radio Pakistan AM585 Islamabad
  • City FM89 Islamabad
  • FM99 Power Radio Islamabad
  • FM100 Islamabad
  • FM101 Islamabad
  • HUM FM106.2 Islamabad

Northwest Frontier Province (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)

  • Radio Pakistan AM540 Peshawar
  • Radio Pakistan AM1400 Dera Ismail Khan
  • Radio Pakistan AM1600 Abbottabad
  • Radio Pakistan AM1580 Chitral
  • UPesh Radio FM107 Peshawar
  • Radio Buraq FM104 Peshawar
  • Radio Buraq FM104 Mardan
  • FM101 Peshawar
  • FM101 Bannu
  • FM101 Kohat


  • Radio Pakistan AM750 Quetta
  • Radio Pakistan AM1580 Sibi
  • Radio Pakistan AM560 Khuzdar
  • Radio Pakistan AM1580 Turbat
  • FM101 Quetta
  • FM101 Gwadar


Central Bank  State Bank of Pakistan
Nationalized Scheduled BanksFirst Woman Bank Ltd.
 National Bank of Pakistan
Specialized BanksZari Taraqiati Bank (ZTBL) Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan Punjab Provincial Cooperative Bank Ltd
Private Scheduled BanksAskari Commercial Bank Limited
 Bank Al-Falah Limited
 Bolan Bank Limited
 Faysal Bank Limited
 Bank Al-Habib Limited
 Metropolitan Bank Limited
 KASB Commercial Bank Limited
 Prime Commercial Bank Limited
 PICIC Commercial Bank Limited
 Soneri Bank Limited
 Union Bank Limited
 Meezan Bank Limited
 Saudi-Pak Commercial Bank Limited
 Crescent Commercial Bank Limited
 Dawood Bank Limited
 NDLC-IFIC Bank Limited (NIB)
 Allied Bank of Pakistan Limited
 United Bank Limited
 Habib Bank Limited
 SME Banks
Foreign BanksABN Amro Bank N.V
 Albaraka Islamic Bank BSC (EC)
 American Expresss Bank Limited
 Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi Limited
 Citibank N.A
 Deutsche Bank A.G.
 Habib Bank A.G. Zurich
 Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corp Limited
 Oman International Bank S.O.A.G
 Rupali Bank Limited
 Standard Chartered Bank Limited
Development Financial InstitutionsPakistan Industrial Credit and Investment Corp. Limited
 Pak Kuwait Investment Company (Pvt) Limited
 Pak Libya Holding Company (Pvt) Limited
Investment BanksCrescent Investment Bank Limited
 First International Investment Bank Limited
 Atlas Investment Bank Limited
 Security Investment Bank Limited
 Fidelity Investment Bank Limited
 Prudential Investment Bank Limited
 Islamic Investment Bank Limited
 Asset Investment Bank Limited
 Al-Towfeek Investment Bank imited
 Jahangir Siddiqui Investment Bank Limited
 Franklin Investment Bank Limited
 Orix Investment Bank (Pak) Limited

Famous Mountain Peaks

PeakHeightWorld Rating
K-2 (Chagori) 8616 m2nd
Nanga Parbat8125 m8th
Gasherbrum-I8068 m11th
Broad Peak8065 m12th
Gasherbrum-II8047 m14th
Gasherbrum-III7952 m15th
Gasherbrum-IV7925 m16th
Disteghil Sar7885 m20th
Kunyang Kish7852 m22nd
Masherbrum (NE)7821 m24th
Rakaposhi7788 m27th
Batura I7785 m28th
Kanjut  Sar7760 m29th
Saltoro Kangri7742 m33rd
Trivor7720 m36th
Tirich Mir7708 m41st

Famous Mountain Passes

Location Province
The Khyber Pass (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)
The Kurram Pass FATA
The Tochi Pass FATA
The Gomal Pass(Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)
The Bolan Pass Balochistan
The Lowari Pass Chitral (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)
The Khunjrab Pass Northern Areas


River Name  Length
The Indus2,896 km
Jhelum825 km
Chenab1,242 km
Ravi901 km
Sutlej1,551 km
Beas (tributary of Sutlej)398 km

Famous Glaciers

Glacier NameLength
Siachin75 km
Batura55 km
Baltoro65 km


Name Location/Province
Thar Sindh
Cholistan Punjab
Thal Punjab


Saif-ul-Maluk(Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)
SatparaNorthern Areas
KachuraNorthern Areas

Major Dams

Name  Location/Province
Mangla Dam Punjab
Tarbela Dam (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)
Warsak Dam (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)